|The anatomy of ants is very interesing. Use this
diagram , that shows the main body parts of ants, and the information
below to learn about about the anatomy of ants.
|The first thing you will notice in this diagram of an
ant's anatomy is the three main divisions. The head,
the trunk, and the metasoma.
Ant bodies, like other insects have an exoskeleton .
Their skeleton is on the outside - not covered by skin, muscles, and
tissue like humans.
|The head of an ant has several
imporatant parts. First the eyes. Ant eyes are a lot like flies. They
have many small eyes connected together. This enables ants to see
movement very well.
|Also Attached to the head of the ant are two
feelers. The feelers are special organs of smell that help
ants communicate. If you have every seen an ant find a food source, it
is not long before the ant communicates to his friends and their are
many ants there. Ants release pheromones (chemicals that have different
smells) to communicate with each other. The feelers pick up these
smells as signals.
|The head also has two strong pinchers which are used to
carry food, to dig, and to defend. Just inside the mouth is a small
pocket where ants can store food. They can give this food to other ants
|The trunk of the ant is where
all 6 legs are attached. At the end of each leg is a sharp claw that
helps ants climb and hang onto things.
|The metasoma of the ant is a
poison sack. Ants are closely related to wasps and other stinging
insects. Many types of ants have stingers and can inflict a very
painful sting. This is a useful way to defend against the many
predators ants have.
| Inside Ants do not have lungs.
Oxygen enters through tiny holes all over the body and Carbon Dioxide
leaves through the same holes. There are no blood vessels. The
heart is a long tube that pumps colorless blood from the
head back to the rear and then back up to the head again. The blood
kind of coats the insides of the ants and is then sucked into the tube
and pumped up to the head again. The nervous system
of ants consists of a long nerve cord that also runs from head to rear
with branches leading to the parts of the body, kind of like a human
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